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OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2011

image of OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2011

This tenth edition of the OECD Science, Technology and Industry (STI) Scoreboard builds on the OECD’s 50 years of indicator development to present major world trends in knowledge and innovation. It analyses a wide set of indicators of science, technology, globalisation and industrial performance in OECD and major non-OECD countries (notably Brazil, the Russian Federation, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa) and includes some experimental indicators that provide insight into new areas of policy interest.

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Employment

With employment in manufacturing and construction being particularly badly hit during the recent crisis, the role of services in many OECD countries became even more significant. By 2009 services accounted for over 72% of OECD employment reaching about 80% in the United Kingdom, the Netherlands and United States. Public services continue to be significant employers; the OECD average was about 30% in 2009 and reached over 35% in some countries, particularly in Scandinavia. Countries that still have a significant industrial or agricultural base (such as Poland, Slovenia and Turkey), inevitably rely less on services; however, services are still responsible for over half of their employment.

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