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OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2011

image of OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2011

This tenth edition of the OECD Science, Technology and Industry (STI) Scoreboard builds on the OECD’s 50 years of indicator development to present major world trends in knowledge and innovation. It analyses a wide set of indicators of science, technology, globalisation and industrial performance in OECD and major non-OECD countries (notably Brazil, the Russian Federation, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa) and includes some experimental indicators that provide insight into new areas of policy interest.

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Access to capital

Bank loans are an important source of financing for starting a new business or expanding an existing one. The World Economic Forum’s Global Competiveness Report, which collects data through executive opinion surveys, provides insight on individuals’ views on access to bank loans in different countries. The data show that bank financing became more difficult to obtain between 2007 and 2010 in all countries owing to the financial crisis.

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