OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2009

image of OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2009

At a time when world economy is in the midst of the most severe economic downturn since the Great Depression, the OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2009 provides the statistical information necessary to define a response to the global challenges accompanying the downturn.

This edition of the  Scoreboard  illustrates and analyses a wide set of indicators of science, technology, globalisation and industrial performance in OECD and major non-OECD countries (notably Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa). Indicators are organised around five issues: responding to the economic crisis, targeting new growth areas, competing in the world economy, connecting to global research, and investing in the knowledge economy. The Scoreboard also includes StatLinks, "clickable" access to the underlying data in Excel® spreadsheets.

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Patent intensity over the business cycle

Patents provide a uniquely detailed source of information on the inventive activity of countries. Historically, research and development (R&D) expenditures and patent filings have moved in parallel with gross domestic product (GDP) and slowed markedly during the economic downturns of the early 1990s and early 2000s. Patenting is more rapidly affected by the economic situation than R&D expenditures funded by the business sector. Provisional data for 2008 show a significant slowdown of patenting activity in most countries.

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