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OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2009

image of OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2009

At a time when world economy is in the midst of the most severe economic downturn since the Great Depression, the OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2009 provides the statistical information necessary to define a response to the global challenges accompanying the downturn.

This edition of the  Scoreboard  illustrates and analyses a wide set of indicators of science, technology, globalisation and industrial performance in OECD and major non-OECD countries (notably Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa). Indicators are organised around five issues: responding to the economic crisis, targeting new growth areas, competing in the world economy, connecting to global research, and investing in the knowledge economy. The Scoreboard also includes StatLinks, "clickable" access to the underlying data in Excel® spreadsheets.

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International trade

The value of their international trade in goods and services reflects countries’ integration into the world economy. Small countries are generally more integrated: their exports tend to be in a limited number of sectors and they need to import more goods and services to satisfy domestic demand than larger countries. Size, however, is not the only determinant of trade integration. Other factors help explain differences across countries: geography, history, culture, (trade) policy, the structure of the economy (especially the weight of non-tradable services), re-exports and the presence of multinational firms (intra-firm trade).

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