OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2009

image of OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2009

At a time when world economy is in the midst of the most severe economic downturn since the Great Depression, the OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2009 provides the statistical information necessary to define a response to the global challenges accompanying the downturn.

This edition of the  Scoreboard  illustrates and analyses a wide set of indicators of science, technology, globalisation and industrial performance in OECD and major non-OECD countries (notably Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa). Indicators are organised around five issues: responding to the economic crisis, targeting new growth areas, competing in the world economy, connecting to global research, and investing in the knowledge economy. The Scoreboard also includes StatLinks, "clickable" access to the underlying data in Excel® spreadsheets.

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Human resources in science and technology

Human resources in science and technology (HRST) are major actors in innovation. In most OECD countries, they represented more than a quarter of total employment in 2008. The share was even larger in northern Europe (39.6% in Sweden, 39.1% in Denmark, 38.0% in Norway, 34.2% in Finland) but also in Australia (35.8%), Canada (35.5%) and the United States (32.3%). There is no single pattern in terms of the split between professionals and technicians: in some countries professionals are more numerous than technicians (Belgium, Ireland and Luxembourg); in others the opposite is true (Czech Republic, Italy and Norway).

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