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OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2009

image of OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2009

At a time when world economy is in the midst of the most severe economic downturn since the Great Depression, the OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2009 provides the statistical information necessary to define a response to the global challenges accompanying the downturn.

This edition of the  Scoreboard  illustrates and analyses a wide set of indicators of science, technology, globalisation and industrial performance in OECD and major non-OECD countries (notably Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa). Indicators are organised around five issues: responding to the economic crisis, targeting new growth areas, competing in the world economy, connecting to global research, and investing in the knowledge economy. The Scoreboard also includes StatLinks, "clickable" access to the underlying data in Excel® spreadsheets.

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Foreign direct investment flows

Foreign direct investment (FDI) provides the recipient country with access to new technologies and generates knowledge spillovers for domestic firms and additional investment in research and development (R&D). FDI flows as a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP) are also a measure of the degree of a country’s integration in the global economy. Crises have a variable impact on global FDI flows. While some national crises have sometimes seen a rise in FDI inflows, more general crises such as in the 1930s or 1970s and many national ones have seen sharp drops in outflows or inflows. FDI inflows to G7 countries dropped by 25% in 2008. In the first quarter of 2009, the decrease accelerated in Canada (–97%), Germany (–67%), Italy (–41%), Japan (–59%) and the United States (–63%). FDI inflows to the United Kingdom more than doubled in the first quarter of 2009, back to the same level as the previous year.

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Graphs

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