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OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2014

image of OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2014

The OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2014 reviews key trends in science, technology and innovation (STI) policies, and performance in more than 45 economies, including OECD countries and major emerging economies. The report draws on the latest OECD work on science and innovation policy analysis and measurement.

Following an overview of the STI global landscape and policy trends, key policy issues are discussed across a series of thematic policy profiles. The third section examines individual STI country performances, along with the most recent national policy developments. These global and national policy trends are monitored by a unique international policy survey conducted by the OECD every two years.

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Public research missions and orientation

Public research is carried out by research universities and public research institutions (PRIs) which are publicly owned, publicly operated or primarily funded with public money (IPP, 2014). PRIs are very diverse: their missions, activities, governance and performance vary widely across countries. Although some PRIs may offer education and training services, they usually only provide R&D support to business firms and public authorities; they may also act as intermediaries between firms and universities by interpreting the technical needs of the market (OECD, 2011). For universities teaching is an essential function, along with research.

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