OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2014

image of OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2014

The OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2014 reviews key trends in science, technology and innovation (STI) policies, and performance in more than 45 economies, including OECD countries and major emerging economies. The report draws on the latest OECD work on science and innovation policy analysis and measurement.

Following an overview of the STI global landscape and policy trends, key policy issues are discussed across a series of thematic policy profiles. The third section examines individual STI country performances, along with the most recent national policy developments. These global and national policy trends are monitored by a unique international policy survey conducted by the OECD every two years.

English Also available in: Spanish, French

Open science

Information and communication technologies (ICTs), new data storage infrastructure and large-scale computing are modifying the way science is conducted and the way the results of research are disseminated. They offer new opportunities to organise and publish the inputs and outputs of research, whether scientific publications or large datasets, to make it available for free, or at extremely low marginal cost, to other scientists and researchers and potential users in the business community and society. Furthermore, even though fields such as physics and medicine have long been data-intensive, ICTs make it possible to collect large amounts of data that can be the basis of scientific experiments and research and help make science more data-driven. This transformation of science into a more open and data-driven enterprise is often known as open science.It is enabled by public policies that encourage greater access to the results of publicly funded research, including publications and data.

English Also available in: French


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