OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2014

image of OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2014

The OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2014 reviews key trends in science, technology and innovation (STI) policies, and performance in more than 45 economies, including OECD countries and major emerging economies. The report draws on the latest OECD work on science and innovation policy analysis and measurement.

Following an overview of the STI global landscape and policy trends, key policy issues are discussed across a series of thematic policy profiles. The third section examines individual STI country performances, along with the most recent national policy developments. These global and national policy trends are monitored by a unique international policy survey conducted by the OECD every two years.

English Also available in: Spanish, French

Impact assessment in STI policies

Impact assessment (IA) is an important preoccupation of much evaluation in the STI policy field, as shown by country responses to the OECD STI Outlook policy questionnaire 2014 (). Through IA exercises, policy makers aim to better understand, identify and often quantify the causal relationships that link inputs (e.g. investments in R&D) to different actors (e.g. ministries, R&D agencies, firms) and to their impact on output and outcome measures (e.g. economic growth, improvements in health, environmental and living standards or broader societal changes). The rationales for such assessments include: to fine-tune and improve existing policy interventions; to inform spending priorities and focus future policy interventions on areas with the greatest expected impact; and to hold actors accountable for their performance and spending.

English Also available in: French


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