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OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2014

image of OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2014

The OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2014 reviews key trends in science, technology and innovation (STI) policies, and performance in more than 45 economies, including OECD countries and major emerging economies. The report draws on the latest OECD work on science and innovation policy analysis and measurement.

Following an overview of the STI global landscape and policy trends, key policy issues are discussed across a series of thematic policy profiles. The third section examines individual STI country performances, along with the most recent national policy developments. These global and national policy trends are monitored by a unique international policy survey conducted by the OECD every two years.

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Building a science and innovation culture

Innovation requires developing and mobilising a broad range of skills throughout workplaces and society (Hanel, 2007; OECD, 2010; Toner, 2011). Skills for innovation span a wide range of personal attributes, including relevant subject knowledge (from theoretical to practical expertise and know-how), creative thinking (such as analytical and critical capabilities), and behavioural and social traits (e.g. self-confidence, risk taking, leadership, teamwork, attitudes towards change). Innovation can be influenced by the social and cultural values, norms and behaviours that can create an innovation culture, in which public perceptions of science, technology and entrepreneurship play a very important role.

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