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OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2014

image of OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2014

The OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2014 reviews key trends in science, technology and innovation (STI) policies, and performance in more than 45 economies, including OECD countries and major emerging economies. The report draws on the latest OECD work on science and innovation policy analysis and measurement.

Following an overview of the STI global landscape and policy trends, key policy issues are discussed across a series of thematic policy profiles. The third section examines individual STI country performances, along with the most recent national policy developments. These global and national policy trends are monitored by a unique international policy survey conducted by the OECD every two years.

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Attracting international science and technology investments by firms

International investments have grown rapidly in recent decades owing to the rapid rise of global value chains. Production processes have become increasingly fragmented, with goods and services produced in stages in different countries. Firms seek to optimise their production processes by locating their various production stages in different sites and countries on the basis of optimal location factors. While distribution, sales and production activities led the way, also science and technology (S&T) activities and R&D have increasingly been located and/or relocated abroad.

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