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OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2012

image of OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2012

Based on the latest information and indicators in science and innovation, the OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2012 reviews key trends in STI policies and performance in OECD countries and major emerging economies, and across a number of thematic areas. In this edition, individual policy profiles and country profiles trace the driving role that science, technology and innovation are expected to continue to play towards a sustainable and lasting recovery from the economic crisis.

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Tax incentives for R&D and innovation

Tax incentives for R&D are often considered to have certain advantages over direct support for R&D, such as procurement of R&D or grants. As a market-based tool aimed at reducing the marginal cost of R&D activities, they allow firms to decide which R&D projects to fund. They are expected to lead to an increase in private investment in R&D and in turn to a rise in innovation outcomes and ultimately to higher long-run growth. They can also boost R&D start-up decisions. Potential downsides include 1) higher wage levels for researchers because more R&D increases demand for their skills (hence part of the government foregone revenue dilutes in rising cost instead of a volume increase) and 2) (re)location of R&D activities (tax competition between countries or between regions).

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