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OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2012

image of OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2012

Based on the latest information and indicators in science and innovation, the OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2012 reviews key trends in STI policies and performance in OECD countries and major emerging economies, and across a number of thematic areas. In this edition, individual policy profiles and country profiles trace the driving role that science, technology and innovation are expected to continue to play towards a sustainable and lasting recovery from the economic crisis.

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Financing business R&D and innovation

Financing is extremely important for innovation and growth, in particular at the seed and early stages of business development. Access to finance is a central issue for both innovative entrepreneurs and policy makers. Entrepreneurial start-ups and small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) face financial constraints largely because of their inherent riskiness and weaknesses. Evidence shows that innovative SMEs in the euro area considered access to finance one of their most pressing problems following the sovereign debt crisis in 2011 (EC, 2011a).

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