OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2010

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In the search for a rapid, sustainable and lasting recovery from the economic crisis, science, technology and innovation are expected to play a driving role. But what are the implications for science and innovation policy? What steps are countries taking to boost their capabilities in these areas? What place are emerging economies likely to occupy in the science, technology and innovation landscape?

The OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2010 reviews key trends in science, technology and innovation in OECD countries and a number of major emerging economies including Brazil, China, India, Russia and South Africa. Using the latest available data and indicators, it examines topics high on the agenda of economic policy makers, including performance in science and innovation, trends in national science, technology and innovation policies and the design and assessment of innovation policy, including policy interactions and the “policy mix”. It provides individual profiles of the science and innovation performance of each country and relates these to their national context and current policy challenges.

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Key Trends in Science, Technology and Innovation

This chapter provides an overview of the main trends in science, technology and innovation across the OECD area and in selected non-member economies. Using the latest available data and analyses, it highlights changes in R&D investment and skilled human resources, and explores their impact on scientific and innovative activity. It also analyses trends in globalisation and looks at the future potential of non-OECD economies in the innovation arena. Against the backdrop of the financial crisis and economic downturn, and to provide a forward-looking component, the chapter also uses available data and evidence to discuss the future growth prospects of OECD and selected non-member economies, future challenges facing societies, and emerging areas in science, technology and innovation.

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