OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2010

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In the search for a rapid, sustainable and lasting recovery from the economic crisis, science, technology and innovation are expected to play a driving role. But what are the implications for science and innovation policy? What steps are countries taking to boost their capabilities in these areas? What place are emerging economies likely to occupy in the science, technology and innovation landscape?

The OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2010 reviews key trends in science, technology and innovation in OECD countries and a number of major emerging economies including Brazil, China, India, Russia and South Africa. Using the latest available data and indicators, it examines topics high on the agenda of economic policy makers, including performance in science and innovation, trends in national science, technology and innovation policies and the design and assessment of innovation policy, including policy interactions and the “policy mix”. It provides individual profiles of the science and innovation performance of each country and relates these to their national context and current policy challenges.

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English Also available in: French, German


Greece’s science and innovation profile shows some improvement over the two years to 2008. Indicators for human resources in science and technology (HRST) are mixed. Science and engineering degrees represent 23.4% of all new degrees, slightly above the OECD average (20.9%). Although Greece had a relatively low 4.4 researchers per thousand employment in 2007, researcher numbers had increased at an average annual 3.7% between 2001 and 2007. HRST occupations represented a relatively weak 23% of total employment, and unemployment among graduates was a relatively high 5.7% in 2008 compared to the OECD average of 3.2%.

English Also available in: French, German


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