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OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2008

image of OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2008

The OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2008 reviews key trends in science, technology and innovation in OECD countries and a number of major non-member economies including Brazil, Chile, China, Israel, Russia and South Africa. Using the latest available data and indicators, the book examines topics high on the agenda of science and innovation policy makers, including science and innovation performance; trends in national science, technology and innovation policies; and practices to assess the socio-economic impacts of public research. This volume also provides an individual profile of the science and innovation performance of each country in relation to its national context and current policy challenges.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom performs well on several innovation performance indicators. It has a strong reputation for world-class research and ranks second only to the United States in production of highly cited articles. It produces a considerable number of science and engineering graduates at the doctoral level, and hosts the largest number of international doctoral students after the United States. It has good international linkages, ranks first in business enterprise expenditure on R&D funded from abroad, and has well-developed venture capital thanks to a deep financial system.

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