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OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2008

image of OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2008

The OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2008 reviews key trends in science, technology and innovation in OECD countries and a number of major non-member economies including Brazil, Chile, China, Israel, Russia and South Africa. Using the latest available data and indicators, the book examines topics high on the agenda of science and innovation policy makers, including science and innovation performance; trends in national science, technology and innovation policies; and practices to assess the socio-economic impacts of public research. This volume also provides an individual profile of the science and innovation performance of each country in relation to its national context and current policy challenges.

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Sweden

Sweden’s above-average growth in GDP per capita in recent years has been partly driven by technological change. At 3.73% of GDP in 2006, Sweden leads OECD countries in terms of R&D intensity. The business sector contributes the lion’s share: business expenditure on R&D accounted for 2.79% of GDP in 2006, compared to the OECD average of 1.56%. Higher education R&D spending as a share of GDP is high (0.76%) and it performs around 20% of total R&D, on a par with most OECD countries. The government institute sector is smaller and performs 4.5% of R&D.

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