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OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2008

image of OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2008

The OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2008 reviews key trends in science, technology and innovation in OECD countries and a number of major non-member economies including Brazil, Chile, China, Israel, Russia and South Africa. Using the latest available data and indicators, the book examines topics high on the agenda of science and innovation policy makers, including science and innovation performance; trends in national science, technology and innovation policies; and practices to assess the socio-economic impacts of public research. This volume also provides an individual profile of the science and innovation performance of each country in relation to its national context and current policy challenges.

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Finland

Finland has consistently ranked at the forefront of innovation investment and performance, and innovation policy is at the heart of public policy. Finland ranks second in the OECD in terms of R&D intensity (at 3.45% of GDP) and aims at 4% of GDP by 2010. Business R&D stood at 2.44% of GDP in 2007 and the intensity of higher education R&D has doubled over the past 15 years. Equally, Finland leads the OECD in number of researchers in the labour force, with close to 5% average annual growth in numbers from 1997 to 2006.

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