OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2008

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The OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2008 reviews key trends in science, technology and innovation in OECD countries and a number of major non-member economies including Brazil, Chile, China, Israel, Russia and South Africa. Using the latest available data and indicators, the book examines topics high on the agenda of science and innovation policy makers, including science and innovation performance; trends in national science, technology and innovation policies; and practices to assess the socio-economic impacts of public research. This volume also provides an individual profile of the science and innovation performance of each country in relation to its national context and current policy challenges.

English Also available in: French


Robust growth in GDP per capita for most of the past two decades has helped Chile to join the ranks of high middleincome countries; its income per capita is now similar to that of Mexico. Economic reform, in particular the adoption of international best practice in macroeconomic management and development of market mechanisms, has underpinned Chile’s success in catching up. However, a gap with advanced countries remains, mainly owing to a gap in productivity performance. Chile’s R&D intensity, at 0.67% of GDP in 2004, is less than one-third of the current OECD average of 2.26%. However, it exceeds that of OECD countries such as Greece, Mexico and Poland. At 0.31% of GDP, business spending on R&D is particularly low. This is partly due to Chile’s specialisation in non-R&D-intensive industries, but also to the fact that the vast majority of SMEs in all areas do not engage in R&D and innovation. The overall orientation of Chile’s R&D partly reflects the still dominant, although declining, role of higher education in the performance of research.

English Also available in: French


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