OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2008

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The OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2008 reviews key trends in science, technology and innovation in OECD countries and a number of major non-member economies including Brazil, Chile, China, Israel, Russia and South Africa. Using the latest available data and indicators, the book examines topics high on the agenda of science and innovation policy makers, including science and innovation performance; trends in national science, technology and innovation policies; and practices to assess the socio-economic impacts of public research. This volume also provides an individual profile of the science and innovation performance of each country in relation to its national context and current policy challenges.

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Canada’s innovation performance exhibits both strengths and weaknesses. It scores high in terms of the quantity and quality of scientific articles, but the number of triadic patents remains under the OECD and EU25 averages. It performs well in terms of firms with new-to-market product innovations, especially among SMEs, but the share of turnover due to these products is among the lowest in the OECD area. More broadly, productivity growth has become a concern. While labour productivity grew above the OECD average from 1995 to 2000, it has since weakened, with annual growth of 1% in 2001-06, compared to an OECD average of 1.8%.

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