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OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2008

image of OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2008

The OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2008 reviews key trends in science, technology and innovation in OECD countries and a number of major non-member economies including Brazil, Chile, China, Israel, Russia and South Africa. Using the latest available data and indicators, the book examines topics high on the agenda of science and innovation policy makers, including science and innovation performance; trends in national science, technology and innovation policies; and practices to assess the socio-economic impacts of public research. This volume also provides an individual profile of the science and innovation performance of each country in relation to its national context and current policy challenges.

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Brazil

Brazil’s R&D intensity, at 1.02% of GDP in 2006, is quite low by OECD standards, although it exceeds that of Portugal, Turkey, Poland and Mexico. Among some non-OECD countries, its R&D intensity is below that of China and Russia, but higher than that of Argentina. The weight of public and business R&D are similar, with business expenditure on R&D at 0.49% of GDP. Brazil is one of the leading non-OECD recipients of foreign direct investment, and around 60% of patent applications at the Brazilian patent office come from nonresident inventors.

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