OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2008

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The OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2008 reviews key trends in science, technology and innovation in OECD countries and a number of major non-member economies including Brazil, Chile, China, Israel, Russia and South Africa. Using the latest available data and indicators, the book examines topics high on the agenda of science and innovation policy makers, including science and innovation performance; trends in national science, technology and innovation policies; and practices to assess the socio-economic impacts of public research. This volume also provides an individual profile of the science and innovation performance of each country in relation to its national context and current policy challenges.

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Belgium’s innovation system has some strong features: human resources in science and technology represent over 30% of total employment, and the number of science and engineering degrees as a percentage of all new degrees is around the OECD average. It is among the OECD leaders in terms of collaboration by large firms with partner organisations on innovation, with over 60% collaborating with another entity, more than 30% collaborating with higher education institutions, and around 20% collaborating with government institutions in 2002-04. Moreover, the innovation system is very open, with a considerable share of R&D financed by foreign sources and an above-average share of patents with a foreign co-inventor.

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