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OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: Sweden 2016

image of OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: Sweden 2016

The 2016 Sweden Review of Innovation Policy deepens the 2012 Review by focusing on six policy initiatives central to the 2008 and 2012 Swedish Research and Innovation Bills, notably: 1) the increase in funding for university research, 2) the establishment of Strategic Research Areas, 3) actions designed to enhance the role of research institutes in Sweden’s innovation system, 4) the definition and funding of Strategic Innovation Areas in collaboration with industrial, academic and research institute actors, 5) the initiation of a Challenge-Driven Innovation programme addressing societal challenges, 6) improved prioritisation and support for Swedish participation in European research and innovation activities.

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Strengthening Swedish university research

This chapter reviews the policy initiatives aimed at supporting research excellence in Sweden, their background and their apparent effects. It starts out with a discussion of the rationales and history of scientific and sectoral research funding in universities, on a general level and in the specific context of Sweden. It then presents two main initiatives of the 2008 and 2012 Research and Innovation Bills (i.e. the increase of institutional funding for universities and the Strategic Research Area Programme), and situates them in the broader context of the funding policy of benchmark countries and of other Swedish sources of research funding. Finally, it assesses the main effects of these policies against their specific objectives and the lessons learned from international experiences.

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