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OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: South Africa 2007

image of OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: South Africa 2007
A comprehensive assessment of the innovation system of South Africa, focusing on the role of government, and providing concrete recommendations on how to improve policies which impact on innovation performance, including R&D policies.

Post-apartheid South Africa has succeeded in swiftly opening its economy to international trade and capital flows, and in stabilising the economy while achieving reasonably good growth performance, mainly driven by productivity gains. However, important socio-economic problems persist, especially unemployment, poverty and the exclusion of a large fraction of the population from the formal economy. The country is now in the middle of two more specifically economic transitions: i) responding to globalisation and ii) transforming the structure of the economy away from its former heavy dependence on primary resource production and associated commodity-based industries. In this context, enhancing innovation capabilities is key to a sustained improvement of living standards based on productivity-driven growth. This review assesses the national innovation system of South Africa from this perspective, identifying areas and means for improvement with an emphasis on the role of public research organisations and policies.

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Évaluation d'ensemble et recommandations

Depuis l’avènement de la démocratie, l’Afrique du Sud a accompli des progrès considérables qui l’ont vue se remettre progressivement du régime de l’apartheid, marqué par une division sociale, économique, politique et aussi largement géographique du pays selon des critères raciaux. Le gouvernement a maintenu le cap sur un certain nombre de priorités fondamentales : construire une nation unifiée, accélérer la croissance économique, réduire le chômage, éradiquer la pauvreté, étendre la sphère de l’économie formelle et jouer un rôle moteur dans le processus de construction d’une Afrique meilleure. L’adoption d’une gouvernance moderne, la mise en oeuvre de politiques coordonnées et cohérentes et le rapprochement du gouvernement des citoyens sont considérés comme des instruments clés pour la réalisation de ces objectifs.

English

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