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OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: Norway 2017

image of OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: Norway 2017

Following a remarkable transformation in the past century in research and innovation, in particular through the development of new technologies and processes in sectors such as oil and gas, shipbuilding and also fisheries and aquaculture, Norway is today increasingly facing a “triple transition imperative” in which it needs, first, to shift toward a more diversified and robust economy; second, to move to a more competitive, effective and efficient innovation system; and third, to support research and innovation activities that can confront an array of societal challenges (climate change, food security, aging, health and so on). The Long-Term Plan for Research and Higher Education 2015-2024 (LTP) launched by the Norwegian government has set the base to enhance the capacity of the research and higher education system to cope with these transition challenges. This report proposes recommendations to take advantage of the revision of this comprehensive strategic plan in 2018 to improve the horizontal coordination and add more concrete structural policy initiatives, without changing the plan’s general orientation nor giving up the sectorial and the consensus principles that form the basis of Norwegian policy making.

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Main findings of the 2008 OECD Review of Innovation Policy in Norway

In 2008 the OECD reviewed the Norwegian innovation system, identifying main strengths and weaknesses of the country’s innovation system and its underpinning policies. Among the most relevant findings of the 2008 review were Norway’s low performance against conventional S&T and innovation indicators, notwithstanding its persistently high economic performance. At the same time the review also found that a strong “social contract” between the state, labour and capital that contributes substantially to social welfare, and a high level of acceptance of technological change in the labour force.

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