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OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: Norway 2017

image of OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: Norway 2017

Following a remarkable transformation in the past century in research and innovation, in particular through the development of new technologies and processes in sectors such as oil and gas, shipbuilding and also fisheries and aquaculture, Norway is today increasingly facing a “triple transition imperative” in which it needs, first, to shift toward a more diversified and robust economy; second, to move to a more competitive, effective and efficient innovation system; and third, to support research and innovation activities that can confront an array of societal challenges (climate change, food security, aging, health and so on). The Long-Term Plan for Research and Higher Education 2015-2024 (LTP) launched by the Norwegian government has set the base to enhance the capacity of the research and higher education system to cope with these transition challenges. This report proposes recommendations to take advantage of the revision of this comprehensive strategic plan in 2018 to improve the horizontal coordination and add more concrete structural policy initiatives, without changing the plan’s general orientation nor giving up the sectorial and the consensus principles that form the basis of Norwegian policy making.

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Developing excellent academic communities for innovation: The Norwegian higher education sector

This chapter discusses the state-of-the-art and potential of the higher education sector to develop excellent academic communities, which is one of the three overarching objectives of the government’s Long-Term Plan. The first and second parts describe this sector and research performance. The third and fourth parts focus on the initiatives to improve research excellence via higher education institutions’ external and internal structural changes and dedicated public interventions. The chapter concludes with a synthetis of the achievements to date and remaining challenges in achieving excellence and presents some high-level conclusions.

English

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