OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: Kazakhstan 2017

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Kazakhstan is aware of the importance of innovation for its socio-economic development, including the diversification of its resource-based economy. Since the start of the millennium, Kazakhstan has put in place key components of a modern research and innovation system. This has helped  improve scientific output and resulted in some successes in technology commercialisation. Further commitment and effort will be needed to strengthen innovation capabilities and make the most of Kazakhstan‘s advantages. This requires further reforms in order, notably, to strengthen the funding model of universities, intensify and broaden knowledge transfer, improve the governance of the research and innovation system, and increase the effectiveness of innovation incentives and policies, with a focus on implementation and evaluation.



The role of government in the system of innovation in Kazakhstan

This chapter examines the role of the government in the orientation and programming of and support to research and innovation activities in Kazakhstan. It begins with an overview of the recent evolution of the legal and strategic frameworks that guide the research and innovation activities of public and private actors. It then provides a synthetic presentation of the main policy actors and governance arrangements. The chapter then reviews current policies in light of the observations made in earlier chapters and outlines areas in need of dedicated policy attention.


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