OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: Kazakhstan 2017

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Kazakhstan is aware of the importance of innovation for its socio-economic development, including the diversification of its resource-based economy. Since the start of the millennium, Kazakhstan has put in place key components of a modern research and innovation system. This has helped  improve scientific output and resulted in some successes in technology commercialisation. Further commitment and effort will be needed to strengthen innovation capabilities and make the most of Kazakhstan‘s advantages. This requires further reforms in order, notably, to strengthen the funding model of universities, intensify and broaden knowledge transfer, improve the governance of the research and innovation system, and increase the effectiveness of innovation incentives and policies, with a focus on implementation and evaluation.



Innovation performance in Kazakhstan

This chapter examines the innovation capabilities and performance of the business and public research sectors in Kazakhstan. It begins with a review of the significant increase in research and development (R&D) efforts, as evidenced by the increase in science, technology and innovation expenditures and personnel, which still remain insufficient and uneven. It then examines the mixed results of these efforts in terms of scientific publications and patents.


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