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OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: Kazakhstan 2017

image of OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: Kazakhstan 2017

Kazakhstan is aware of the importance of innovation for its socio-economic development, including the diversification of its resource-based economy. Since the start of the millennium, Kazakhstan has put in place key components of a modern research and innovation system. This has helped  improve scientific output and resulted in some successes in technology commercialisation. Further commitment and effort will be needed to strengthen innovation capabilities and make the most of Kazakhstan‘s advantages. This requires further reforms in order, notably, to strengthen the funding model of universities, intensify and broaden knowledge transfer, improve the governance of the research and innovation system, and increase the effectiveness of innovation incentives and policies, with a focus on implementation and evaluation.

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Executive summary

In the 2000s, the government of Kazakhstan made a concerted effort to increase research and development (R&D) activity. To narrow the persistent productivity gap and, in the longer term, move towards a growth model that is less dependent on commodity exports, it launched major legal reforms, strategies and programmes aimed at boosting science and technology. These initiatives helped to improve scientific output and have resulted in some successes in technology commercialisation.

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