OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: Kazakhstan 2017

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Kazakhstan is aware of the importance of innovation for its socio-economic development, including the diversification of its resource-based economy. Since the start of the millennium, Kazakhstan has put in place key components of a modern research and innovation system. This has helped  improve scientific output and resulted in some successes in technology commercialisation. Further commitment and effort will be needed to strengthen innovation capabilities and make the most of Kazakhstan‘s advantages. This requires further reforms in order, notably, to strengthen the funding model of universities, intensify and broaden knowledge transfer, improve the governance of the research and innovation system, and increase the effectiveness of innovation incentives and policies, with a focus on implementation and evaluation.



Economic performance and framework conditions for innovation in Kazakhstan

This chapter provides an overview of Kazakhstan’s macroeconomic performance and framework conditions for innovation. The first section presents macroeconomic developments of Kazakhstan since its independence, with a focus on the period of Kazakhstan’s strong growth which extended from about 2000 to the recent slowdown. The second section looks at changes in the production structure and the country’s insertion in global trade. The final section addresses the current state of framework conditions as they relate to entrepreneurship and innovation.


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