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OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: France 2014

image of OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: France 2014

This report compares the performance of the French innnovation systems with that of other countries and presents the conclusions of interviews with 30 key actors in the French research and innovation system.  During the past ten years, this system has undergone profound changes, and the report highlights the governments plan to dynamise and reform the system.

English French

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Research and innovation support policies

This chapter discusses policies that support business research and development (R and D) and innovation in France and draws comparisons with other countries. It illustrates the State’s changing objectives and methods in this field, where France is now part of a trend towards “new industrial policies”. It examines in detail the chief instrument by which the State influences business R and D, namely the research tax credit, whose breadth places France at the top of Organisation for Economic Co-operation country rankings. It reviews direct support instruments, including agencies such as Bpifrance (which handles financing), programmes such as competitive clusters (which provide localised support) and sectoral programmes (related to defence, aeronautics, etc.). The chapter concludes with a discussion of France’s policy mix.

English French

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