OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: China 2008

image of OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: China 2008

OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy offer a comprehensive assessment of the innovation system of individual OECD member and non-member countries, focusing on the role of policy and government. The Chinese government has launched a national strategy to build an innovation-driven economy and society by 2020. Will China be able to succeed in making this challenging transition? This report assesses the current status of China’s national innovation system and policies, and recommends improvements required in both the policy and institutional environments for China to succeed in promoting innovation through a market-based approach.

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The Evolution of China's Science and Technology Policy, 1975-2007

In reviewing the key elements of the reforms of China’s science and technology (S&T) policy over the past decades, this chapter seeks to trace their evolution and to provide an understanding of the driving forces behind them. Reforms and policy developments in China are difficult to understand without reference to their grounding in ideology. The Chinese Communist Party’s S&T policy was based on the Marxist view of S&T (Gong, 1962).


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