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OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: China 2008

image of OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: China 2008

OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy offer a comprehensive assessment of the innovation system of individual OECD member and non-member countries, focusing on the role of policy and government. The Chinese government has launched a national strategy to build an innovation-driven economy and society by 2020. Will China be able to succeed in making this challenging transition? This report assesses the current status of China’s national innovation system and policies, and recommends improvements required in both the policy and institutional environments for China to succeed in promoting innovation through a market-based approach.

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Synthesis Report

This synthesis report summarises the main findings of the OECD review of the Chinese national innovation system (NIS) and policy, in four sections:

• Section I highlights the role of science, technology and innovation in the context of China’s need to shift from a sustained to a sustainable growth mode, and the importance of broad-based framework conditions for innovation for building an efficient market-based innovation system.

• Section II assesses the pace of development and analyses the main features of China’s national innovation system, focusing on the key performers of R&D and innovation activities, namely, the business sector, the public research institutes and the universities, and the science-industry interface.

• Section III analyses China’s policy for promoting science, technology and innovation, including the public governance of its innovation system.

• The final section offers concluding remarks and provides policy recommendations. A preliminary version of the synthesis report was released at the OECD-MOST conference on the Review of China’s National Innovation System: Domestic Reform and Global Integration, held in Beijing in August 2007. The final version included in this volume has taken into account the conference discussions.

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