OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: China 2008

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OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy offer a comprehensive assessment of the innovation system of individual OECD member and non-member countries, focusing on the role of policy and government. The Chinese government has launched a national strategy to build an innovation-driven economy and society by 2020. Will China be able to succeed in making this challenging transition? This report assesses the current status of China’s national innovation system and policies, and recommends improvements required in both the policy and institutional environments for China to succeed in promoting innovation through a market-based approach.

English Also available in: German

Industry and Science Relations

Relations between science and industry (often abbreviated as ISRs: industry-science relations) encompass the interactions between higher education institutions (HEIs) and public research institutes (PRIs), which compose “science”, and the business enterprise sector, called “industry”. In a context of increasingly knowledge-based economic development, the creation, diffusion and use of scientific knowledge in the activities of enterprises (especially their innovative efforts) should be a key element in the performance of a national innovation system (NIS). Consequently, ISRs have gained importance in science, technology and innovation policy tools in most countries (OECD, 2002; Joanneum Research, 2001).


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