OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: China 2008

image of OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: China 2008

OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy offer a comprehensive assessment of the innovation system of individual OECD member and non-member countries, focusing on the role of policy and government. The Chinese government has launched a national strategy to build an innovation-driven economy and society by 2020. Will China be able to succeed in making this challenging transition? This report assesses the current status of China’s national innovation system and policies, and recommends improvements required in both the policy and institutional environments for China to succeed in promoting innovation through a market-based approach.

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Chinese Research and Development Programmes for Science and Technology

This chapter aims to provide as comprehensive a picture as possible of China’s research and development (R&D) programmes. It focuses on those run by the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC) and on the Knowledge Innovation Programme of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS).1 MOST has implemented around 15 different programmes since the 1980s and the NNSFC, created in 1986, has set up various types of instruments which are generally gathered under the heading of programmes.


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