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OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: Chile 2007

image of OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: Chile 2007

The OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy offer a comprehensive assessment of the innovation system of individual OECD member and non-member countries, focusing on the role of government.  A growing political awareness of the importance of innovation for the Chile’s future has recently translated into two bold decisions: the creation of an Innovation Council for Competitiveness entrusted with the mission of proposing guidelines for a long-term national innovation strategy; and the introduction of a specific mining tax to increase resources available to implement this strategy. This report assesses the current status of Chile’s innovation system and policies, and identifies where improvements are most needed in order to make the most efficient use of this additional public investment.

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Innovation Actors in Chile

This chapter describes the key players and processes in Chile’s innovation system (“performers” in Figure 3.1). It focuses on the actors performing research and development (R&D) and innovation activities, mainly the business sector, the universities, public research institutes and intermediary organisations involved in both technological development and diffusion. Interactions among these groups are examined. The role of government in steering the public research system and in providing basic incentives, institutional frameworks and support measures for business R&D and innovation is examined in Chapter 4.

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