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OECD Information Technology Outlook 2010

image of OECD Information Technology Outlook 2010

Information technology (IT) and the Internet are major drivers of research, innovation, growth and social change. The 2010 edition of the OECD Information Technology Outlook analyses the economic crisis and recovery, and suggests that the outlook for IT goods and services industries is good after weathering a turbulent economic period better than during the crisis at the beginning of the 2000s. The industry continues to restructure, with non-OECD economies, particularly China and India, major suppliers of information and communications technology-related goods and services.

The role of information and communications technologies (ICTs) in tackling environmental problems and climate change is analysed extensively, with emphasis on the role of ICTs in enabling more widespread improvements in environmental performance across the economy and in underpinning systemic changes in behaviour.

Recent trends in OECD ICT policies are analysed to see if they are rising to new challenges in the recovery. Priorities are now on getting the economy moving, focusing on ICT skills and employment, broadband diffusion, ICT R&D and venture finance, and a major new emphasis on using ICTs to tackle environmental problems and climate change.

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Globalisation of the ICT Sector

Worldwide trade in information and communications technology (ICT) has returned to growth following a very sharp slump in the last half of 2008, continuing into the first quarter of 2009. Before the economic crisis, global ICT trade expanded very strongly and grew until 2008 in value terms. Global ICT trade has tripled since 1996 to approach USD 4 trillion in 2008, with the OECD share dropping from 71% in 1996 to 53% in 2008. Global restructuring of ICT production continues, with Eastern Europe, Mexico and non-member developing economies increasingly important as both producers and new growth markets. Operations of multinationals, international sourcing, and intra-firm and intra-industry trade have had major impacts on the global ICT value chain, and are an increasing source of growth. China is by far the largest exporter of ICT goods, and is now the largest importer, largely driven by foreign investment and sourcing arrangements. India is by far the largest exporter of computer and information services, fuelled by the growth of domestic firms.

English

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