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OECD Information Technology Outlook 2006

image of OECD Information Technology Outlook 2006

Information technology (IT) and broadband are major drivers of economic change, restructuring businesses, affecting skills and employment, and contributing to growth and consumer benefits. This volume describes recent market dynamics and trends in industries supplying IT goods and services and offers an overview of the globalisation of the information and communication technology (ICT) sector and the rise of ICT-enabled international sourcing. It analyses the development and impact of the changing global distribution of services activities and the rise of China and India as significant suppliers of ICT-related goods and services. It also looks at the increasing importance of digital content in selected industries and how it is transforming value chains and business models. The potential of technological developments such as ubiquitous networks, location-based services, natural disaster warning systems, the participative web and the convergence of information technology with nanotechnology and biotechnology is also examined. This book includes StatLinks, URL's linking statistical graphs and tables to spreadsheets containing the underlying data.

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ICT Skills and Employment

ICT skills and employment are driving forces for technological development and growth, but there has been relatively little consistent cross-country analysis. This chapter analyses recent developments in the supply and demand for ICT-skilled employment, with ICT specialists now making up around 4% of total employment and ICT users around 20%. The shares of both are increasing in almost all countries. Many business functions and services are increasingly location-independent, and the occupations potentially affected by ICT-enabled distance work and offshoring of services are analysed. Internet recruitment is also considered as it potentially has important implications for the efficiency of labour markets.

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