National Intellectual Property Systems, Innovation and Economic Development

With perspectives on Colombia and Indonesia

image of National Intellectual Property Systems, Innovation and Economic Development

This publication addresses the role of national systems of IP in the socio-economic development of emerging countries, notably through their impact on innovation. It presents a framework that identifies the key mechanisms that enable IP systems to support emerging countries’ innovation and development objectives.   The report also discusses two IP country studies conducted for Colombia and Indonesia. These are based on analyses of the national intellectual property systems, drawing on country missions that gathered detailed information and feedback from more than 100 stakeholders on IP-related priorities and bottlenecks. Concrete policy recommendations are provided for both countries.



Study of Indonesia's national intellectual property system

Indonesia needs to develop its innovation capacities if it is to sustain growth and address key social challenges. Intellectual property (IP) policy can become a powerful policy tool to support these efforts if effective co-operation with actors involved in IP policy is achieved. Indonesia’s businesses and research institutions are currently weak users of IP notably of patents and utility models. Legal and administrative reforms are needed to improve the quality of the IP system. Efforts must also be taken to include smaller entities and businesses in remote geographic areas. Traditional knowledge protection and geographical indications can permit the inclusion of a wider group of innovators, but will require investments aimed at generating economic value on their basis. IP policy also has to focus on commercialisation by resolving the legal uncertainty about the licensing of IP generated from public funding sources and implementing effective support programmes and services.


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