National Intellectual Property Systems, Innovation and Economic Development

With perspectives on Colombia and Indonesia

image of National Intellectual Property Systems, Innovation and Economic Development

This publication addresses the role of national systems of IP in the socio-economic development of emerging countries, notably through their impact on innovation. It presents a framework that identifies the key mechanisms that enable IP systems to support emerging countries’ innovation and development objectives.   The report also discusses two IP country studies conducted for Colombia and Indonesia. These are based on analyses of the national intellectual property systems, drawing on country missions that gathered detailed information and feedback from more than 100 stakeholders on IP-related priorities and bottlenecks. Concrete policy recommendations are provided for both countries.



Study of Colombia's national intellectual property system

Colombian firms and research institutions use intellectual property (IP) much less to protect inventions than their regional neighbours and most OECD countries. Only some universities and a few large firms file for international patents. Lack of skills, weak research infrastructure and low levels of business innovation capabilities contribute to weak performance. IP policy therefore must be embedded in a broader set of innovation policies. Recent reforms have considerably improved legal and administrative conditions. More has to be done to assist a wider group of innovators in identifying how IP can serve their business activities. Researchers need further support to engage in spin-offs and public universities to co-operate with industry. Expert support services should also be expanded. Colombia’s Intersectoral Commission for Intellectual Property (CIPI) could be enabled to play a significant role in pushing the “IP for innovation” agenda forward.


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