National Intellectual Property Systems, Innovation and Economic Development

With perspectives on Colombia and Indonesia

image of National Intellectual Property Systems, Innovation and Economic Development

This publication addresses the role of national systems of IP in the socio-economic development of emerging countries, notably through their impact on innovation. It presents a framework that identifies the key mechanisms that enable IP systems to support emerging countries’ innovation and development objectives.   The report also discusses two IP country studies conducted for Colombia and Indonesia. These are based on analyses of the national intellectual property systems, drawing on country missions that gathered detailed information and feedback from more than 100 stakeholders on IP-related priorities and bottlenecks. Concrete policy recommendations are provided for both countries.




Innovation plays a pivotal role in economic development: this is a key lesson of the past decades. The build-up of innovation capacities has been central to successful growth experiences. Emerging and developing countries have recognised that innovation is not just about high-technology products, but that innovation capacity has to be built into the early stages of the development process to gain the learning capacities that will allow “catch-up” to occur. The adoption of foreign technology requires adaptation to the local context, which in turn implies incremental innovation. These countries also need innovation capacity to address developmental challenges specific to their local contexts, such as providing access to drinking water or eradicating neglected diseases.


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