Meeting Policy Challenges for a Sustainable Bioeconomy

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This publication investigates key aspects surrounding the sustainability of bioeconomy development: the use of biomass as feedstock for future production;  the design and building of biorefineries for the manufacture of a range of fuels, chemicals and materials, and also for electricity generation; and the use of biotechnologies such as synthetic biology, metabolic engineering and gene editing.

Today more than 50 countries have a dedicated bioeconomy strategy or related policies. While the bioeconomy is consistent with sustainability policy (examples are the circular economy, the UN Sustainable Development Goals, green growth, re-industrialisation, rural regeneration, climate change mitigation), synergies must be ensured to avoid over-exploitation of natural resources and conflicting global needs.




This book is dedicated to the memory of Mr Peter Schintlmeister (Austrian Federal Ministry of Economics, Family and Youth). We were deeply saddened and affected by Peter’s death in January 2017. At the time, Peter was chair of the OECD’s Working Party on Bio-, Nano- and Converging Technologies (BNCT). He was a stalwart of OECD efforts in industrial biotechnology for several years, and, known throughout Europe and beyond for championing the bioeconomy and the OECD’s work in this area.


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