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Meeting Policy Challenges for a Sustainable Bioeconomy

image of Meeting Policy Challenges for a Sustainable Bioeconomy

This publication investigates key aspects surrounding the sustainability of bioeconomy development: the use of biomass as feedstock for future production;  the design and building of biorefineries for the manufacture of a range of fuels, chemicals and materials, and also for electricity generation; and the use of biotechnologies such as synthetic biology, metabolic engineering and gene editing.

Today more than 50 countries have a dedicated bioeconomy strategy or related policies. While the bioeconomy is consistent with sustainability policy (examples are the circular economy, the UN Sustainable Development Goals, green growth, re-industrialisation, rural regeneration, climate change mitigation), synergies must be ensured to avoid over-exploitation of natural resources and conflicting global needs.

English

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Developments in bio-based production

Much innovation has been achieved in biorefining in the last few years, often in the absence of significant policy support. This chapter highlights the potential of biorefining to replace fossil-derived manufacturing in terms of materials that can be produced. While the examples demonstrate that a wide variety of materials is already available in the market, the chapter also gives a sense of perspective: the real test for the future of bio-production in manufacturing is its ability to produce all these promising materials at a scale appropriate to society.

English

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