Meeting Global Challenges through Better Governance

International Co-operation in Science, Technology and Innovation

image of Meeting Global Challenges through Better Governance

In recent years, the need to address social and environmental challenges has grown in urgency. Climate change, global health, food security and many other global challenges cross national borders and affect a wide range of actors. Yet, in most cases, single governments cannot provide effective solutions. Global challenges call for co-operation on a global scale to build capacity in science, technology and innovation (STI) at both national and international levels. How can international co-operation in STI be scaled up and its scope broadened? How do different modes of governance of international co-operation in STI function and which modes lead to effective and efficient collaboration?

Based on case studies, this book presents lessons and good practices on a range of governance mechanisms used for international co-operation in STI to address global challenges. The studies cover organisations that address global challenges including agriculture, food security, health, energy and climate change as well as organisations that bring together various types of actors. It takes a first step towards understanding the complexity of governance of international STI collaboration and provides the basis for future research.   



European Joint Programming Initiatives

Europe is one of the world’s science, technology and innovation (STI) hubs, but in the European Union some 85% of all public spending on research and development (R&D) is still at the national level. This has recently been identified as a major reason for the inefficiencies of the European research and innovation system. Joint programming initiatives (JPIs) are being established by European countries to introduce a new means of aligning national R&D undertakings. This case study provides an introduction to the JPI approach as such and a more detailed account of the JPI on Agriculture, Food Security and Climate Change (FACCE). Although the JPI process is still very young, some lessons for international STI governance can already be drawn.


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