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Measuring the Digital Transformation

A Roadmap for the Future

image of Measuring the Digital Transformation

Measuring the Digital Transformation: A Roadmap for the Future provides new insights into the state of the digital transformation by mapping indicators across a range of areas – from education and innovation, to trade and economic and social outcomes – against current digital policy issues, as presented in Going Digital: Shaping Policies, Improving Lives. In so doing, it identifies gaps in the current measurement framework, assesses progress made towards filling these gaps and sets-out a forward-looking measurement roadmap. The goal is to expand the evidence base, as a means to lay the ground for more robust policies for growth and well-being in the digital era.

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Trade in digital products

The manufacture of ICT goods is one of the most globally integrated industries. Finished ICT products are the result of numerous stages of production spread across many countries. A comparison of exports in gross and value added terms by the computer, electronic and optical products industry reveals that China accounted for 35% of global gross exports (USD 500 billion) in 2015, but its domestic value added embodied in foreign final demand (“value added exports”) represented only 25% (USD 150 billion) of the global total. Gross exports are much higher (in USD) as they include value added coming from many other countries. Furthermore, ICT industry value added embodied in intermediate products may cross and re-cross borders many times prior to inclusion in final goods. The manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products is concentrated in few economies; the top four (China, Korea, Chinese Taipei and the United States) account for about 60% of exports in value added terms.

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