Knowledge Networks and Markets in the Life Sciences

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Around the OECD countries and beyond, there is a proliferation of initiatives in the life sciences to bring together disperse elements of global research and establish an effective virtual infrastructure for open innovation. Their common goal is to leverage innovative capacity by creating interconnected webs of knowledge and exploiting external expertise.

Some such initiatives have as their goal the monetisation and trading of knowledge in the form of intellectual assets. Others seek to create networks for pooling and exchange of knowledge. Together, these initiatives can be referred to as “knowledge networks and markets” (KNMs). This report considers the development of such KNMs and examines the impact of current initiatives and the possible options for governments, working with the private sector, to improve innovation efficiency and effectiveness.

Improving the interoperability of knowledge resources is fundamental to  the creation of a necessary shared infrastructure for efficient KNM to emerge, as is related sustainable funding and policy clarity. Governments can play a vital catalytic role in improving the productivity of KNMs through such infrastructure development and encouragement of associated social networking. the report makes suggestions for some priority actions based on existing case studies.    



The importance of knowledge valuation for knowledge networks and markets

This chapter discusses future trends in the valuation of biotechnology and pharmaceutical assets as well as the companies that hold them, the development of new forms of financing health research, and how these developments impact on and may be influenced by knowledge networks and markets (KNMs) and new models of knowledge management. Several open questions remain, including: will improved valuation of biomedical firms and their assets also entail a better understanding and use of such intellectual assets and, if so, how might KNMs facilitate progress? And, can KNMs be constructed and operated so that they successfully reduce financial risk to their participants as well as increasing efficiency of innovation through collective action?


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