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Integrating Science & Technology into Development Policies

An International Perspective

image of Integrating Science & Technology into Development Policies

Science and Technology is a key driver of economic growth, and it may also help provide answers for managing resources and reducing pollution, addressing climate change and preserving biodiversity, as well as  reducing disease and safeguarding health and well-being, while maintaining the general quality of life. This publication provides the proceedings of an international workshop, held in South Africa, intended to address how international co-operation in science and technology can further the three inter-related aspects (economic, social and environmental) of the development process. The workshop focused on good practices in international S&T partnerships, specifically in the areas of water and energy.

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Assessing International Science and Technology Co-operation for Sustainable Development: “Art of the State”

As with all other indicator schemes, indicators for international co-operation in science and technology (S&T) for sustainable development (SD), reside in a conceptual framework. A well-known framework takes into account social, technological, economic, environmental and political factors, under the mnemonic STEEP. These factors may be used in turn to examine the processes of change from a systems or other perspective. STEEP may also be supplemented with a factor for values, in which case one refers to STEEPV. Perhaps as we move into the knowledge economy one should leave STEEPV behind and introduce a framework organised under the mnemonic ‘KEEP’. KEEP is a verbal noun whose meaning includes to pay due regard to; observe; stand by as well as to celebrate; guard; protect (Box 9.1). These meanings resonate appropriately with the goals of sustainable development.

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