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Innovation in Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

Comparing National Innovation Systems at the Sectoral Level

image of Innovation in Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

This publication examines the innovation system in pharmaceutical biotechnology in eight OECD countries - Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway and Spain. The report summarises the results of in-depth studies, providing a comparative analysis of participating countries' performance in science and innovation in biopharmaceuticals. It highlights specific characteristics of the national biopharmaceutical innovation systems in terms of their international openness and the specific role of demand-side factors in the innovation process. Major systemic failures affecting the functioning of the biopharmaceutical innovation systems are identified. Based on rich evidence, the report draws policy recommendations to foster innovation in biopharmaceuticals advocating an integrated policy approach.

English

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Systemic Imperfections in Biopharmaceutical Innovation Systems

This chapter analyses and compares the systemic imperfections – phenomena related to the structure and dynamics of the innovation system that can raise barriers or lead to disadvantages in the process of innovation – that have been identified in the eight national biopharmaceutical innovation systems studied in this project.

English

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