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Innovation in Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

Comparing National Innovation Systems at the Sectoral Level

image of Innovation in Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

This publication examines the innovation system in pharmaceutical biotechnology in eight OECD countries - Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway and Spain. The report summarises the results of in-depth studies, providing a comparative analysis of participating countries' performance in science and innovation in biopharmaceuticals. It highlights specific characteristics of the national biopharmaceutical innovation systems in terms of their international openness and the specific role of demand-side factors in the innovation process. Major systemic failures affecting the functioning of the biopharmaceutical innovation systems are identified. Based on rich evidence, the report draws policy recommendations to foster innovation in biopharmaceuticals advocating an integrated policy approach.

English

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Structure, Dynamics and Performance in National Biopharmaceutical Innovation Systems

This chapter discusses the structure and dynamics of the sciences base, the business system, the demand system, framework conditions and the policy system. It then summarises the countries’ performance in science, innovation and industry. Finally, it draws conclusions concerning the structural characteristics of the countries’ innovation systems and their dynamics which may explain differences in their performance.

English

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