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Innovation in Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

Comparing National Innovation Systems at the Sectoral Level

image of Innovation in Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

This publication examines the innovation system in pharmaceutical biotechnology in eight OECD countries - Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway and Spain. The report summarises the results of in-depth studies, providing a comparative analysis of participating countries' performance in science and innovation in biopharmaceuticals. It highlights specific characteristics of the national biopharmaceutical innovation systems in terms of their international openness and the specific role of demand-side factors in the innovation process. Major systemic failures affecting the functioning of the biopharmaceutical innovation systems are identified. Based on rich evidence, the report draws policy recommendations to foster innovation in biopharmaceuticals advocating an integrated policy approach.

English

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Introduction

This chapter sets the stage for the subsequent examination of eight cases studies on biotechnology and the pharmaceutical sector in the context of the national innovation systems in OECD countries. It presents the methodology used and points out the main areas in which biotechnology plays an active role in the pharmaceutical sector.

English

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